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College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences

History

 


 

     The College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences (CFOS) is the flagship college of the University of the Philippines Visayas. It provides quality fisheries education and produces graduates who are among the best in the discipline.  The Commission on Higher Education has acknowledged the CFOS as a Regional Center of Excellence in Fisheries Education in November 2001; and one of its institutes, the Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanology, as a Center of Development in Marine Sciences in the same year.  

 

CFOS has four institutes:

• Institute of Aquaculture

• Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanology

• Institute of Fish Processing technology

• Institute of Fisheries Policy and Development Studies 

 

It offers the following academic programs:

• Bachelor of Science in Fisheries

• Doctor of Philosophy in Fisheries (Aquaculture)

• Master of Science in Fisheries (Aquaculture)

• Master of Aquaculture

• Master of Science in Fisheries (Fisheries Biology)

• Master of Science in Ocean Sciences

• Master of Science in Fisheries (Fish Processing Technology)

• Master of Marine Affairs 

 

     CFOS also actively engages in research to address issues and concerns in aquaculture, marine fisheries, fish processing, and fisheries policy. It offers extension services to various clientele groups in terms of technical assistance, consultancy, technology dissemination and verification, conduct of training and workshops, and production of IEC materials.

 

 

Significant Events in the College of Fisheries History 

 

 

The following outlines the significant and major events in the history of the College of Fisheries in the University of the Philippines:  

 

     1.  The transfer of the Philippine Institute of Fisheries Technology (PIFT) from the Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources to the University of the Philippines in January, 1957. On recommendation of the Reorganization Commission (by authority under Republic Act 997 or Reorganization Act) and upon approval of then President Ramon Magsaysay, the transfer of the PIFT to the University was implemented. The PIFT remained housed in Port Area, Manila until 1962. The General Education courses at the PIFT were taught by the Fisheries as well as the Arts and Sciences faculty of Diliman at the Port Area. 

 

     2.  The PIFT was reorganized into the College of Fisheries on April 10, 1958, by the Board of Regents upon the recommendation of President Vicente G. Sinco. The College of Fisheries also started offering major courses in the Bachelor of Science in Fisheries in addition to the already existing Certificate in Fisheries curricular programs.  

 

     This event marked the recognition by the University of the College of Fisheries as one of its academic degree granting units and of fisheries as a professional field worthy of attention and development. There were three academic Departments established in the College i.e. Marine Fisheries, Inland Fisheries, and Fisheries Processing Technology (later renamed in 1978 as Fish Processing Technology). 

 

     3.  To augment the meager facilities of the College in the training of students in commercial fishing and in marine fisheries research, a new research and training vessel, the M/V Pampano, was acquired from Japan thru the Philippine Reparations Commission. The vessel was delivered to the College of Fisheries on February 9, 1962. The M/V Pampano was equipped with tuna longline and other trawl fishing gears and oceanographic equipment. It was 113 gross tons, 30.7 m long, 5.75 m wide and had a cruising speed of 9 knots. The vessel was with radar  and various electronic equipment on board such as he fish finder (echo sounder), signal buoys, radio direction finder and others. The M/V Pampano had been utilized for training and research in different waters of the Philippines such as Celebes Sea, Sulu Sea and the waters of Luzon, Palawan and Visayas. 

 

     4.  In the latter part of 1962, the College of Fisheries was transferred to the Diliman Campus from Port Area, Manila to its new home at Albert Hall. The College of Fisheries building was named in honor of one time Acting UP President and Chairman of the Board of Regents, Alejandro Albert, who had keen interest in the Development of the fishery industry. 

 

     5.  On June 19, 1965, Republic Act 4514 was signed into law by President Diosdado Macapagal.  This law authorized the creation and establishment of the Institute of Fisheries Development and Research (IFDR) within the College of Fisheries. In 1966, the IFDR finally received its appro¬priation and its first director was appointed. The IFDR developed as the College of Fisheries research and extension arm in marine fisheries, inland fisheries and fish processing technology. 

 

     6.  In 1966, the first dean of the College of Fisheries was appointed. From its transfer to the UP, the head of the College of Fisheries had been given the title of Director until the change in 1966. 

 

     7.  From 1957 to the present, additional faculty and staff were hired from the graduates of the College and related disciplines, and from other fisheries agencies. For 15 years, staff development for advanced degrees or for training locally and abroad was very slow. Opportunities though started to come in the 1970’s to the present which significantly hastened the faculty and staff development. Inputs from the NSDB, USAID, GTZ, Mombusho Scholarship, Colombo Plan, World Bank and others became available.  Better manpower development planning became necessary to implement a more balanced expertise pool in the College. 

 

     8.  On March 18, 1971, the UP and the NSDB (Philippine counterpart funding) signed a memorandum of Agreement together with the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA), Iloilo Province, Department of Agricul¬ture and Natural Resources (DANR), National Food and Agricultural Council (NFAC), Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), Leganes Municipa1ity and Central Luzon State University CLSU) as participating and cooperating agencies with assistance from the USAID to implement the Inland Fisheries Project. Two institutions in aquaculture research were built through this project i.e. the Brackishwater Fish Culture Research Station in Leganes, Iloilo and the Freshwater Fish Culture Station in CLSU, Munoz, Nueva Ecija. The Inland Fisheries Project was managed and supervised by the College of Fisheries thru the IFDR from March 18, 1971 to June 20, 1977. Effective July 1, 1977, the CLSU took over the management of the Freshwater Fish Culture Research Station (now named the Freshwater Aquaculture Center) and the UP College of Fisheries retained the Brackishwater Fish Culture Station in Leganes, Iloilo. 

 

     9.  Thru the Inland Fisheries Project, the facilities in aquaculture research became adequately available to the College in Leganes, Iloilo.  The research manpower in aquaculture also greatly improved. On January 1, 1978, the Brackishwater Aquaculture Center (BAC), formerly the Brackishwater Fish Culture Research Center in Leganes, Iloilo became a new research unit of the College of Fisheries. 

 

     The BAC boasts of various facilities in a 50- hectare area.   These include 49 units of 500-m2 ponds, 2l units of 1000- m2 ponds, 4 units of 4000-m2 ponds, 1 unit of 6000-m2 pond and 6 units 10,000-m2  ponds outside of laboratories, classrooms, offices, canteen, dormitory, power generating building, service/workshop, feeds buildings, two staff houses and equipment for aquaculture. 

 

     10.  A much bigger research and training vessel, the M/V Albacore, was acquired from Japan thru the Philippine Reparation Commission in December 1972. The 194-gross ton vessel is better equipped for research in fishing and oceanography than the M/V Pampano.  More advanced electronic equipment for fish location and navigation were installed and the vessel could also operate for purse seining.   

 

     The M/V Pampano was then leased to the Agro-Industrial Foundation Colleges of the Philippines (Davao) and was eventually sold to the said institution on March 2, 1979. The College used the M/V Albacore extensively for the training of students in oceanography, fish stock assessment and others in the Visayan Sea, Samar Sea, San Miguel Bay, Ragay Gulf, Picao Pass and North of Samar Island. 

 

     11.  In the AY 1975-76, the College of Fisheries and the U.P. College Iloilo implemented the B.S. in Fisheries major in Inland Fisheries Curricular program in Iloilo utilizing the staff and facilities of the BAC. In the second semester of the same academic year, the MS in Fisheries Program in Aquaculture was implemented. These academic programs and the BAC became the nucleus of the College of Fisheries Program in Iloilo on approval by the Board of Regents on June 8, 1979. On September 3, 1981, the Master of Aquaculture program (without thesis) was approved by the Board of Regents for the College of Fisheries Program in Iloilo. 

 

     12.  The GTZ or the German Technical Cooperation Agency on April 13, 1978 thru a bilateral agreement between the Philippines and the Federal Republic of Germany, assisted the Department of Marine Fisheries and Fish Processing Technology with experts, equipment and scholarships. Over the years, the facilities and manpower development of the two academic departments improved and staff members have obtained their graduate degrees abroad. Research projects were implemented with funding assistance from outside (NSDB) under lie program on Fisheries Management and Utilization. 

 

     13.  The Board of Regents in its 914th meeting (May 31, 1979) approved the establishment of the University of the Philippines in the Visayas as an autonomous member of the UP System with the College of Fisheries under it. The new campus of the UP in the Visayas is Miagao, Iloilo. 

 

     14.  The Fisheries Education Loan Project was approved by the World Bank on February 1 1980. This project included the loan for College of Fisheries development in Miagao, Iloilo as part of the UPV. The components of the loan included infrastructures for instruction, research, extension student and staff housing, and others; faculty and staff development; and instructional and research equipment. 

 

     15.  From GTZ inputs and the assistance of NSDB, capabilities for graduate program in the two fields of fisheries became possible. On May 29, 1980, the Board of Regents approved the M.S. in Fisheries Biology in the Department of Marine Fisheries. This academic program was started in the AY 1980-81. In 1981, the MS Fisheries program in Fish Processing Technology was also approved and implemented. 

 

     16.  On October 1,1980, President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed Executive Order No.628 creating the UPV as an autonomous unit of the UP System.  The Executive Order provides among others, that the UPV shall consist of a College of Fisheries, Institute of Fisheries Development and Research, Brackishwater Aquaculture Center, College of Arts and Sciences, School of Development Management and other units that may be approved and funded pursuant to the Central Appropriations Act. 

 

     17.  On March 28, 1981, a new training and research vessel, the R/V Sardinella, arrived in the Philippines as a donation of the Japanese government to the College of Fisheries thru JICA. This vessel is 411 tons, 40 m long and has a cruising speed of 11.5 knots. It is adequately equipped for deep-sea trawling, purse seining, and for research in marine sciences and oceanography. The R/V Sardinella was worth P21 M on acquisition. Capabilities for research and training were greatly enhanced with the addition of the R/V Sardinella. 

 

     18.  The construction of the College of Fisheries buildings and infrastructure in Miagao campus was started in October 1981. Funds from the World Bank Fisheries Education Loan Project and from the Philippine Government were earmarked to put up the academic/ research buildings, offices, infirmary, student union library and museum, dormitories, staff housing, roads, and other utilities. 

 

     19.  In May 1988, the College of Fisheries was transferred to the UP Visayas, Miag-ao, Iloilo campus. The College then was recognized, i.e., departments became institutes. At present, the College has four institutes: Institute of Aquaculture (IA); Institute of Fish Processing Technology (IFPT); Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanology (IMFO); and Institute of Fisheries Policy Development Studies (IFPDS). 

 

     20.  The Board of Regents approved the renaming of the College into the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences (CFOS) during its 1144th meeting on August 31, 2000. 

 

     21.  On February 12, 2001, the buildings of the College were dedicated and the CFOS signage was installed.  The said buildings were named after fisheries luminaries like Dr. Deogracias V. Villadolid (Villadolid Hall for the CFOS Administration Building); Dr. Agustin F. Umali (Umali Hall for the Faculty Center); and Dr. Nazario AS. Pidlaoan (Pidlaoan Hall for the Audio Visual Building.

 



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